PHPExcel的基本操作方法

2022年05月22日 阅读94次 分类:开发 标签:php教程

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下面是总结的几个使用方法

基本操作

use PHPExcel_IOFactory;
use PHPExcel;


创建一个excel
$objPHPExcel = new PHPExcel();

——————————————————————————————————————–
设置excel的属性(可以链式操作):
创建人
$objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setCreator("Maarten Balliauw");
最后修改人
$objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setLastModifiedBy("Maarten Balliauw");
标题
$objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setTitle("Office 2007 XLSX Test Document");
题目
$objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setSubject("Office 2007 XLSX Test Document");
描述
$objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setDescription("Test document for Office 2007 XLSX, generated using PHP classes.");
关键字
$objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setKeywords("office 2007 openxml php");
种类
$objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setCategory("Test result file");
——————————————————————————————————————–
激活当前的sheet
$objPHPExcel->setActiveSheetIndex(0);

设置sheet的name
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setTitle('Simple');
设置单元格的值
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('A1', 'String');
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('A2', 12);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('A3', true);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('C5', '=SUM(C2:C4)');
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('B8', '=MIN(B2:C5)');
合并单元格
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->mergeCells('A18:E22');
分离单元格
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->unmergeCells('A28:B28');

保护cell
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getProtection()->setSheet(true); // Needs to be set to true in order to enable any worksheet protection!
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->protectCells('A3:E13', 'PHPExcel');
设置格式
// Set cell number formats
echo date('H:i:s') . " Set cell number formats\n";
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('E4')->getNumberFormat()->setFormatCode(PHPExcel_Style_NumberFormat::FORMAT_CURRENCY_EUR_SIMPLE);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->duplicateStyle( $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('E4'), 'E5:E13' );
设置宽width
// Set column widths
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getColumnDimension('B')->setAutoSize(true);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getColumnDimension('D')->setWidth(12);
设置font
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('B1')->getFont()->setName('Candara');
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('B1')->getFont()->setSize(20);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('B1')->getFont()->setBold(true);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('B1')->getFont()->setUnderline(PHPExcel_Style_Font::UNDERLINE_SINGLE);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('B1')->getFont()->getColor()->setARGB(PHPExcel_Style_Color::COLOR_WHITE);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('E1')->getFont()->getColor()->setARGB(PHPExcel_Style_Color::COLOR_WHITE);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('D13')->getFont()->setBold(true);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('E13')->getFont()->setBold(true);
设置align
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('D11')->getAlignment()->setHorizontal(PHPExcel_Style_Alignment::HORIZONTAL_RIGHT);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('D12')->getAlignment()->setHorizontal(PHPExcel_Style_Alignment::HORIZONTAL_RIGHT);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('D13')->getAlignment()->setHorizontal(PHPExcel_Style_Alignment::HORIZONTAL_RIGHT);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('A18')->getAlignment()->setHorizontal(PHPExcel_Style_Alignment::HORIZONTAL_JUSTIFY);
//垂直居中
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('A18')->getAlignment()->setVertical(PHPExcel_Style_Alignment::VERTICAL_CENTER);
设置column的border
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('A4')->getBorders()->getTop()->setBorderStyle(PHPExcel_Style_Border::BORDER_THIN);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('B4')->getBorders()->getTop()->setBorderStyle(PHPExcel_Style_Border::BORDER_THIN);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('C4')->getBorders()->getTop()->setBorderStyle(PHPExcel_Style_Border::BORDER_THIN);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('D4')->getBorders()->getTop()->setBorderStyle(PHPExcel_Style_Border::BORDER_THIN);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('E4')->getBorders()->getTop()->setBorderStyle(PHPExcel_Style_Border::BORDER_THIN);
设置border的color
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('D13')->getBorders()->getLeft()->getColor()->setARGB('FF993300');
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('D13')->getBorders()->getTop()->getColor()->setARGB('FF993300');
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('D13')->getBorders()->getBottom()->getColor()->setARGB('FF993300');
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('E13')->getBorders()->getTop()->getColor()->setARGB('FF993300');
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('E13')->getBorders()->getBottom()->getColor()->setARGB('FF993300');
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('E13')->getBorders()->getRight()->getColor()->setARGB('FF993300');
设置填充颜色
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('A1')->getFill()->setFillType(PHPExcel_Style_Fill::FILL_SOLID);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('A1')->getFill()->getStartColor()->setARGB('FF808080');
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('B1')->getFill()->setFillType(PHPExcel_Style_Fill::FILL_SOLID);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('B1')->getFill()->getStartColor()->setARGB('FF808080');
加图片
$objDrawing = new PHPExcel_Worksheet_Drawing();
$objDrawing->setName('Logo');
$objDrawing->setDescription('Logo');
$objDrawing->setPath('./images/officelogo.jpg');
$objDrawing->setHeight(36);
$objDrawing->setWorksheet($objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet());
$objDrawing = new PHPExcel_Worksheet_Drawing();
$objDrawing->setName('Paid');
$objDrawing->setDescription('Paid');
$objDrawing->setPath('./images/paid.png');
$objDrawing->setCoordinates('B15');
$objDrawing->setOffsetX(110);
$objDrawing->setRotation(25);
$objDrawing->getShadow()->setVisible(true);
$objDrawing->getShadow()->setDirection(45);
$objDrawing->setWorksheet($objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet());

//处理中文输出问题
需要将字符串转化为UTF-8编码,才能正常输出,否则中文字符将输出为空白,如下处理:
 $str  = iconv('gb2312', 'utf-8', $str);
或者你可以写一个函数专门处理中文字符串:
function convertUTF8($str)
{
   if(empty($str)) return '';
   return  iconv('gb2312', 'utf-8', $str);
}

//清除缓冲区,避免乱码
ob_end_clean();

//生成Excel,并自定义保存路径//"Excel2007"生成2007版本的xlsx,"Excel5"生成2003版本的xls
$objWriter = \PHPExcel_IOFactory::createWriter($objPHPExcel,'Excel5');
$objWriter->save($path);

//直接输出浏览器
$fileName = str_replace(['?','*',':','"','<','>','\\','/','|'],'',trim($fileName));

header("Pragma: public");
header("Expires: 0");
header('Cache-Control:max-age=0');
header("Cache-Control:must-revalidate, post-check=0, pre-check=0");
header("Content-Type:application/force-download");
header("Content-Type:application/vnd.ms-execl");
header("Content-Type:application/octet-stream");
header("Content-Type:application/download");
header('Content-Disposition:attachment;filename="'.$fileName.' - 参数配置.xlsx"');
header("Content-Transfer-Encoding:binary");

$objWriter = PHPExcel_IOFactory::createWriter($objExcel, 'Excel2007');
$objWriter-save('php://output');

//避免打开出现报错
exit;

其他

有时候我们使用phpexcel程序将数据导出excel表格会出现一个问题,假如数字字符串过长会自动转换为科学计数法,造成无法显示的问题。

解决办法是在添加列值时拼接一个制表符即可:

\t

以下以yii2 phpexcel为例,其他开发语言同理

\moonland\phpexcel\Excel::export([
    'models' => $dataProvider->getModels(),
    'format'=>'Excel5',
    'fileName'=>'demo',
    'columns' => [
        'id' => [ 'value'=>function($model){
            // 对导出内容拼接制表符
            return $model->id."\t";
        } ]
    ]
]);

以上就是phpexcel导出excel表格时如果出现长数字字符串会被转换为科学计数法而无法显示的解决办法,希望对你有帮助。

(本篇完)

是不是学到了很多?可以

版权声明:本文为博主原创或转载自网络,遵循 CC 4.0 BY-SA 版权协议,转载请附上原文出处链接和本声明。

本文链接:http://www.zhuyanjun.cn/development/1877.html